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MazamaSpatialUtils

A suite of conversion scripts to create internally standardized spatial
polygons dataframes. Utility scripts use these datasets to return values such
as country, state, timezone, watershed, etc. associated with a set of 
longitude/latitude pairs. (They also make cool maps.)

Background

The MazamaSpatialUtils package was created by MazamaScience to regularize our work with spatial data. The sp, rgdal and maptools packages have made it much easier to work with spatial data found in shapefiles. Many sources of shapefile data are available and can be used to make beautfiul maps in R. Unfortunately, the data attached to these datasets, even when fairly complete, often lacks standardized identifiers such as the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 encodings for countries. Maddeningly, even when these ISO codes are used, the dataframe column in which they are stored does not have a standardized name. It may be called ISO or ISO2 or alpha or COUNTRY or any of a dozen other names we have seen.

While many mapping packages provide ‘natural’ naming of countries, those who wish to develop operational, GIS-like systems need something that is both standardized and language-independent. The ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 encodings have emerged as the defacto standard for this sort of work. In similar fashion, ISO 3166-2 alpha-2 encodings are aviailable for the next administrative level down – state/province/oblast, etc.. For timezones, the defacto standard is the set of Olson timezones used in all UNIX systems.

The main goal of this package is to create an internally standardized set of spatial data that we can use in various projects. Along with two built-in datasets, this package provides ‘convert~’ functions for other spatial datasets that we currently use. These convert functions all follow the same recipe:

Other datasets can be added following the same procedure.

The ‘package internal standards’ are very simple. Every spatial dataset will have at least one of the following, consistently named colums of data:

If another column contains this data, that column must be renamed or duplicated with the internally standardized name. This simple level of consistency makes it posisble to generate maps for any data that is ISO encoded. It also makes it possible to create functions that return the country, state or timezone associated with a set of locations.

Installation

This package is designed to be used with R (>= 3.1.0) and RStudio so make sure you have those installed first.

Users will want to install the devtools package to have access to latest versions of some packages that are not yet available on CRAN.

The following packages should be installed with devtools by typing the following at the RStudio console:

devtools::install_github('mazamascience/MazamaSpatialUtils', build_vignettes=TRUE)

Data

Pre-generated .RData versions of the following standardized shapefiles are available at http://mazamascience.com/RData/Spatial/:

 * 2.1M EEZCountries.RData
 *  15M NaturalEarthAdm1.RData
 *  61M OSMTimezones.RData
 * 3.0M OSMTimezones_05.RData
 * 3.6M TMWorldBorders.RData
 *  48M TerrestrialEcoregions.RData
 * 3.5M TerrestrialEcoregions_05.RData
 * 7.5M USCensus115thCongress.RData
 * 2.2M USCensusCounties.RData
 * 3.4M USCensusStates.RData
 * 1.2M USIndianLands.RData
 * 768M WBDHU10.RData
 * 1.4G WBDHU12.RData
 *  38M WBDHU2.RData
 * 424K WBDHU2_01.RData
 * 840K WBDHU2_02.RData
 * 107M WBDHU4.RData
 * 1.1M WBDHU4_01.RData
 * 2.2M WBDHU4_02.RData
 * 136M WBDHU6.RData
 * 1.4M WBDHU6_01.RData
 * 2.8M WBDHU6_02.RData
 * 294M WBDHU8.RData
 *  17M WorldTimezones.RData

Examples

The package vigentte ‘Introduction to MazamaSpatialUtils’ has numerous examples.


This project is supported by Mazama Science.