# fixest:
Fast and user-friendly fixed-effects estimation

The `fixest`

package offers a family of functions to
perform estimations with multiple fixed-effects in both an OLS and a GLM
context. Please refer to the introduction
for a walk-through.

At the time of writing of this page (February 2020),
`fixest`

is the fastest existing method to perform
fixed-effects estimations, often by orders of magnitude. See below for a
benchmarking with the fastest alternative software.

```
# To install from CRAN:
install.packages("fixest")
# To install the latest stable development release:
install.packages("fixest",
repos = c(ropensci = 'https://fastverse.r-universe.dev',
CRAN = 'https://cloud.r-project.org'))
```

## Benchmarking

Here is a comparison of the performance of `fixest`

functions to other state of the art methods to perform estimations with
multiple fixed-effects. The results are reported in the five figures
below. Package `fixest`

(black lines) is consistently faster
in all situations.

### Setup

The benchmarking was performed as follows: In the OLS context, we
estimate the following equation:

The same functional form (one variable, three fixed-effects) is
estimated for the Poisson, the Negative Binomial and the Logit cases
(with ad hoc modifications to fit each model). See Berge (2018) for more
details on the setup.

For the “difficult” benchmark (OLS only), the data is generated in a
way that makes the convergence of the fixed-effects slow. The phenomenon
of slow convergence is frequent for real micro-level data sets involving
employee and firm fixed-effects for instance.

Each estimation is replicated 10 times and the average computing time
is reported in the figures.

The alternative methods used for comparison are:

- OLS: felm (R: package lfe), reghdfe (Stata) and
FixedEffectModels
(Julia)
- Poisson: glmmboot (R: package glmmML), feglm (R:
package alpaca)
and ppmlhdfe
(Stata)
- Negative Binomial: glm.nb (R: package MASS) and nbreg (Stata)
- Logit: glmmboot (R: package glmmML), feglm (R:
package alpaca)
and logit (Stata)

All the aforementioned packages were updated at the benchmarking
date: February 2020.

The code and data for the benchmarking can be found in
this folder.

## Acknowledgements

Of course the development of `fixest`

has been inspired
and pushed forward by (almost all) these (great) packages used in the
benchmarking and I am deeply indebted to their authors. Although
`fixest`

contains many features, some are still uncovered and
you should definitely have a look at these packages.